How to Teach Reciprocal Pronouns (With Examples)

Learning how to teach reciprocal pronouns effectively is essential for any English teacher aiming to enhance their students’ understanding of mutual relationships in language.

By using clear examples and interactive lessons, teachers can show students the practical use of these pronouns in everyday communication.

Understanding these can improve students’ ability to express themselves and interact with others, enhancing both their written and spoken English skills.

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What are Reciprocal Pronouns?

A reciprocal pronoun indicates a mutual action or relationship. In simpler terms, it shows that an action given is also received.

For instance, in the sentence: “Sara and Maria complimented each other,”

Sara complimented Maria and Maria returned the compliment to Sara.

Likewise, in the sentence: “The students in the class taught one another,” it implies that each student in the class taught their peers, and also learned from them.

In both examples, those involved in the action are both doers and receivers.

Teaching Reciprocal Pronouns

There are two reciprocal pronouns in English, and both are two-word phrases. These reciprocal pronouns are:

  • each other
  • one another

Reciprocal pronouns are easy to use. When you want to refer to two people, you will normally use “each other.” When referring to more than two people, for example the students in a lecture hall, you will normally use “one another.”

It’s important to handle “each other” carefully. The words “each” and “other” can function independently in sentences as indefinite pronouns. Moreover, “each” can also serve as an adjective or an adverb, while “other” can be used as an adjective, adverb, noun, or even a verb. This versatility means that the usage of these words can vary significantly based on the context.

Take this sentence, for instance:

  • “Each student in the class gave feedback to each other student.”

In this case, “each” serves as an adverb that modifies the verb “gave,” indicating that every student participated, and “other” acts as an adjective, specifying that the feedback was directed towards all other students.

This example shows how the reciprocal pronoun “each other” can be used independently in various grammatical roles, highlighting their adaptability and importance in English language structure.

Here are more examples:

Each other

How to Teach Reciprocal Pronouns

One another

How to Teach Reciprocal Pronouns

Usage of Reciprocal Pronouns

Understanding how to use reciprocal pronouns is crucial as they differ significantly from other pronouns in their usage. Reciprocal pronouns are primarily used as objects in a sentence, not subjects. This unique aspect dictates that they cannot grammatically serve as the subject of a sentence, clause, or phrase.

How to Teach Reciprocal Pronouns

Reciprocal Pronouns and Reflexive Pronouns

Additionally, it’s essential to distinguish between reciprocal pronouns and reflexive pronouns, as they serve different purposes and are not interchangeable.

Reciprocal pronouns illustrate mutual or shared actions between individuals, emphasizing interaction and cooperation.

For instance, consider the sentence:

  • Lisa and Mark praised each other after the presentation.

This means that Lisa praised Mark, and reciprocally, Mark praised Lisa. Each individual is both giving and receiving praise, highlighting the cooperative nature of their relationship.

On the other hand, reflexive pronouns are used to indicate that the subject of the sentence is performing an action on themselves, pointing to a more introspective or self-directed action.

For example,

  • James prepared himself for the interview.

This sentence shows that James is taking action on his own behalf, getting ready without external help.

These examples help clarify the distinctions between reciprocal and reflexive pronouns, demonstrating their unique roles in sentence construction and meaning.

Reciprocal pronouns as possessives

Reciprocal pronouns can also adopt possessive forms to signify shared ownership or mutual obligations.

For instance, in this sentence:

  • The partners reviewed each other’s business proposals.

This example suggests that each partner examined the other’s proposals, indicating a cooperative effort.


  • The authors edited one another’s manuscripts.

This example implies that each author contributed to refining the others’ work, demonstrating a collective responsibility toward improving each manuscript. These instances illustrate how reciprocal pronouns enhance communication about joint responsibilities or shared assets.

Exercises for teaching Reciprocal Pronouns

Exercise 1: Fill in the Blanks

Instructions: Complete the sentences below by filling in the blanks with “each other” or “one another.”
1. The cats chased ________ around the room.
2. The debate team members challenged ________ to improve their arguments.
3. The partners looked at ________ with admiration.
4. The old friends hadn’t seen ________ in years.
5. The diplomats agreed to notify ________ of any changes.
6. In the meeting, everyone openly shared their ideas with ________.
7. The dancers synchronized their movements with ________ perfectly.
8. During the workshop, participants gave feedback to ________.
9. The twins always take care of ________ when their parents are away.
10. In the book club, members recommend books to ________.
Answer key (for teachers)
1. each other
2. one another
3. each other
4. one another
5. one another
6. one another
7. each other
8. one another
9. each other
10. one another

Exercise 2: Matching Type

Instructions: Match the sentences with the correct reciprocal pronoun from the list. Write the letter of the matching pronoun next to the sentence number.
Reciprocal Pronouns: A. Each other B. One another
1. The soldiers helped _______ through tough times.
2. The dogs sniffed _______ curiously at the park.
3. The colleagues congratulated _______ on their promotions.
4. The children shared their toys with _______ during playtime.
5. The couple exchanged gifts with _______ on their anniversary.
6. The scientists shared data with _______ to complete the research.
7. The neighbors waved to _______ every morning.
8. The musicians tuned their instruments with _______ before the concert.
9. The volunteers coordinated with _______ to organize the event.
10. The athletes supported _______ during the training session.
Answer key (for teachers)
1. B. One another
2. A. Each other
3. B. One another
4. A. Each other
5. A. Each other
6. B. One another
7. A. Each other
8. B. One another
9. B. One another
10. B. One another

Final Thoughts on How to Teach Reciprocal Pronouns to Your Students

Learning how to teach reciprocal pronouns effectively demands clear explanations, pertinent examples, and interactive activities that reinforce their usage. By incorporating scenarios that involve mutual actions and relationships into lessons, educators can help students grasp the function of reciprocal pronouns—essential tools for expressing shared actions and feelings.

Mastering reciprocal pronouns enhances students’ ability to communicate more naturally and concisely about mutual relationships and activities. Ultimately, a deep understanding of reciprocal pronouns is crucial for students to construct sentences that accurately reflect shared experiences, boosting their confidence and proficiency in navigating the nuances of the English language.

Embracing platforms like EnglishLearningByPro, which offers readily available and adaptable materials, allows teachers to personalize their teaching strategies according to each student’s unique needs. The ultimate goal is to empower students to easily master the use of verbs, enhancing their communication skills in the English language.

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John Bart
Author: John Bart

I am the co-owner of, a community built specifically for English teachers around the world trying to make a living teaching English. I have lived in Brazil for four years and had previously taught private English classes for three years. I am passionate about helping others, and making English teaching and learning easier.

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